Is It Safe To Take Melatonin Supplements While Pregnant
Currently, there isnt enough research to confirm that taking melatonin supplements while pregnant is safe. Experts dont recommend melatonin for insomnia, the sleep issue most commonly faced by pregnant women. Rather, melatonin has been found to usefully treat jet lag, delayed sleep-wake phase disorder, some sleep disorders in children, and anxiety before and after surgery.
In certain instances, however, healthcare professionals may recommend melatonin to pregnant women or women trying to become pregnant. For example, some professionals recommend melatonin supplements for older women trying to become pregnant and for pregnant women with preeclampsia. Studies suggest melatonin might also be useful for women with endometriosis.
In pregnant women without a documented health issue known to be associated with low melatonin levels, supplementation might not be a good idea. Melatonin levels naturally rise throughout pregnancy. One potential risk of supplementing with melatonin during this time could be too much melatonin in the body.
Researchers havent conducted much research on the safety of melatonin supplements in healthy pregnant women. In an animal study of pregnant rats, melatonin supplementation negatively impacted litter size, as well as the growth and mortality rates of the pups. However, we dont know if these results can be generalized to humans.
Where To Get More Information
- Your local doctor
- Womens Welcome Centre Tel: 8345 3037 or 1800 442 007
- Family Planning VictoriaTel: 9257 0116. If you are under 25, you can also call the Action Centre 9660 4700 or 1800 013 952
Information about long acting reversilble contraception , including contraceptive implants, is also available in Arabic, Chinese, Hindi and Vietnamese see section on this page.
Does Melatonin Affect Birth Control
Currently, research looking into the question “does melatonin cancel out birth control” is sparse, but it would be unlikely, says Sophia Yen, M.D., M.P.H., the co-founder and CEO of Pandia Health, a birth control delivery company. Amy Roskin, J.D., M.D., the chief medical officer of The Pill Club, agrees: “Melatonin doesn’t impact hormonal birth control’s efficacy at all,” she says.
Oral melatonin supplements are first metabolized by the liver the same organ that processes oral contraceptives so there is a possibility that they may interact with the birth control there, but again, it’s improbable, says Dr. Yen.
And other forms of birth control definitely won’t be affected by the sleep aid. “Because the patch, the ring, the IUD, the implant, and the shot don’t go through the liver, there should be no effect on those,” explains Dr. Yen.
In fact, the opposite may be true: Hormonal birth control pills appear to raise the amount of melatonin the body naturally produces, according to the National Library of Medicine. And taking an oral contraceptive along with a melatonin supplement may strengthen its sedative effect and raise your risk of experiencing side effects, such as headaches, dizziness, nausea, and drowsiness, per the Mayo Clinic. Simply put, “taking melatonin and other sleep aids on top of birth control can have a larger-than-desired impact on melatonin production, as birth control naturally increases melatonin production in the body,” explains Dr. Roskin.
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How Does Melatonin Work
Melatonin is a hormone that helps regulate our circadian rhythms, aka our internal 24-hour clock. It works by responding to darkness to let our bodies know its time to wind down and prepare to fall asleep. Naturally, the amount of melatonin your body produces levels down during the daytime or when exposed to light, even throughout the night.
What To Do If You’re Taking Melatonin While On Birth Control
Though there currently isn’t any evidence to suggest that melatonin supplements affect the efficacy of birth control, both Dr. Yen and Dr. Roskin recommend telling your health-care provider about any and all supplements you’re taking. By doing so, your doc will be able to better pinpoint the cause if you do start experiencing unpleasant side effects and, if the sleep aid’s to blame, recommend more suitable treatments for your troubles catching zzz’s.
If you’re still worried about a potential yet unlikely blow to your contraceptive’s efficacy, Dr. Yen suggests taking your birth control pill at a different time than your melatonin supplement to reduce the risk of the two interacting. You may also want to look out for signs that your contraceptive isn’t functioning properly and, if you notice any, book an appointment with your doctor ASAP. “If you’re vomiting, your boobs hurt, or you missed a period, then those are signs that your birth control may not be working,” she says. “If you didn’t have breakthrough bleeding before and now you do, that’s always a sign to go get your birth control checked.” In the meantime, use a back-up method, such as condoms, to reduce your chances of pregnancy, she suggests.
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If You’re On The Pill And You Regularly Take Melatonin Read This Important Warning
Melatonin can help you fall asleep faster, but while doctors don’t recommend long-term use for anyone, people who are on birth control pills should take extra precautions before getting in the habit of reaching for a supplement whenever insomnia strikes.
Savita Ginde, MD, vice president of medical affairs at Stride Community Health Center and former chief medical officer of Planned Parenthood of the Rocky Mountains, explained that melatonin is naturally produced in the pineal gland, the same gland that regulates sex hormones. While there are no definitive studies, “one can propose that taking or adding external melatonin could impact natural cycles, whether it’s natural sleep cycles or natural hormonal cycles, such as those that impact ovulation and menstrual cycles and thus affect fertility,” Dr. Ginde told POPSUGAR.
It’s also important to note that melatonin may interfere with certain types of birth control pills more than others, though there hasn’t been enough research conducted to determine exactly how and to what extent that’s the case. For this reason, Dr. Bartos recommends erring on the side of caution if you regularly take melatonin. “I would switch to a LARC such as an IUD,” she said.
Whole Person Vs Measured Outcomes
No one is really asking the question of what happens when we interrupt hormonal pathways and disrupt the natural process within the body. They look to certain variables, but never really the whole person. And to their credit, that is a difficult thing to study.
Let us also not forget, studies dont take into account all the unforeseen variables of your life that can put you at risk.
But what it all comes down to is, what is true for you? What is your normal? And what is your experience since starting hormonal birth control?
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What Are Other Common Side Effects And Should I Be Worried
Weight gain following implant insertion is commonly reported and often a major concern for women thinking of getting the implant. However, there is no scientific evidence suggesting a causal relationship between the two.7 It is different for every person, and unfortunately you cannot predict how your weight will be affected as lots of other factors, such as diet, lifestyle, genetic predisposition, and other medical conditions play a role as well.
Some women complain of worsening of acne following insertion of the implant. This may be due to change of the oestrogen to progestogen balance in the body. Progestogen is known to increase the production of sebum , and this, in excess, may block hair follicles, leading to acne. Contradictory to this theory, however, is that some people report their acne improving after insertion of the implant.8 If acne or weight gain is causing you distress and you believe it is linked to the implant, then visit your doctor to discuss your options.
Is The Birth Control Implant Right For Me
The implant is a great option for women who want long-acting, reversible birth control that they dont need to think about every day, Dr. Brant says. Unlike the IUD, it doesnt require a pelvic exam or vaginal procedure, which is a plus for many women.
The implant can also be used immediately after giving birth and while breastfeeding, making it a good choice for moms who have their hands full.
So while you can certainly keep chanting NOBABYNOBABY, you can also rest assured that with a birth control implant, youre in good hands.
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Special Precautions & Warnings
Not enough is known about the safety of using melatonin when breast-feeding. It is best not to use it.
Children: Melatonin is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth as a single dose. It is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken by mouth or injected into the body in multiple doses in the short-term. Because of its effects on other hormones, melatonin might interfere with development during adolescence.
Depression: Melatonin can make symptoms of depression worse.
High blood pressure: Melatonin can raise blood pressure in people who are taking certain medications to control blood pressure. Avoid using it.
Transplant recipients: Melatonin can increase immune function and might interfere with immunosuppressive therapy used by people receiving transplants.
Adrenal And Thyroid Health
Hypothyroid women are more prone to having depression and anxiety.
The adrenal glands help regulate inflammation. When function is compromised, this can also lead to mood symptoms.
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Mood Stabilizer & Epilepsy Medicines
Women taking some medicines to treat bipolar disorder or epileptic seizures have a double reason to choose their birth control carefully:
1) Many of the medicines used to treat epilepsy and bipolar disorderBarbituates, Carbamazepine, Oxycarbazepine, Phenytoin, Primidone, Topiramate, Felbamate, and Lamotrigine when taken alonemake the pill, patch, ring and mini-pill less effective, increasing the chance of an accidental pregnancy.
2) Theres some evidence that these methods of birth control change the effectiveness of those particular medicines, too. That increases the chance of having a seizure, or a manic or depressive episode. If you have epilepsy or bipolar disorder, its really important to talk with your provider about what birth control method is best for youthere are still good options!
What Are Other Ways To Improve Sleep
If youre on birth control and having trouble sleeping, consider following more general sleep tips before trying out melatonin supplements. Improving your overall sleep hygiene may help you fall asleep faster and sleep better. Good sleep hygiene includes:
- Making your bedroom quiet, cool, and dark
- Only using your bed for sleep and not for other activities
- Maintaining a consistent sleep schedule
- Avoiding activities that excite you before bed, like watching intense movies
- Refraining from intense physical activity or exercise in the hours before bedtime
- Not eating heavy foods in the hours before bedtime
- Avoiding cigarettes in the hours before bedtime
- Engaging in relaxation techniques, such as meditation and yoga
Some people also find that alternative medicine techniques, such as massage, herbal tea, hypnotherapy, and acupuncture, help them sleep. There isnt enough research to conclude these strategies work for most people, however. Experts advise against taking the supplements kava and L-tryptophan for sleep, which can both cause health issues.
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Can Birth Control Cause Mood Swings
We all know someone who swears that birth control completely wrecked their mood. Whether it was making them feel anxious, depressed, angry or like a crazy, jealous mad woman, there’s no denying there’s a link between birth control and mood swings or mood changes.
And maybe you were one of those people. I know I was.
When I was a teenager, my doctor put me on birth control pills. These made me feel depressed and I honestly had days where I didn’t even recognize who I was anymore. But despite my insistence that the pill was the cause of my mood swings, my doctor assured me that there was no link.
Fast forward to me now. A doctor who works with women every day in my medical practice to undo the effects that hormonal birth control causes. Because it is real. Women come to me with new onset of depression, anxiety and mood swings after starting hormonal birth control. And I listen to their stories of how the pill or other synthetic hormones have created a huge disruption in their life.
I’ve had patients tell me stories about completely falling out of love with their husband or partner after starting birth control.
Many women report lacking all motivation and joy, losing interest in hobbies and feeling like birth control robbed them of their mental edge at work.
And there are the women who feel disconnectedfrom their child, their friends, even themselves.
So What Are Melatonin Supplements To Birth Control
Melatonin is the hormone in your body which helps to regulate your sleep. This includes helping you fall asleep at night, and stay asleep.
Your body produces melatonin in your pineal gland which is located in your brain. The hormone is usually most active in your body between 9 pm and 9 am.
However, for people who struggle to sleep, they may use synthetic melatonin supplements which help to top up your natural levels.
These can help with jet lag, insomnia and other conditions to do with poor sleep quality. If youre looking for a sleep supplement that contains natural melatonin, Ive had great results with Performance Lab Sleep.
You can buy melatonin over the counter, and its ease of accessibility increases its likelihood of it interfering with something like birth control.
The main reason being that doctor is not present to oversee the decision and to weigh in whether it is a wise idea to combine the two things.
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Frequently Asked Questions Expand All
Combined hormonal methods are safe for most women, but they are associated with a small increased risk of deep vein thrombosis , heart attack, and stroke. The risk is higher in some women, including women older than 35 years who smoke more than 15 cigarettes a day or women who have multiple risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes a history of stroke, heart attack, or DVT or a history of migraine headaches with aura.
You should not use combined hormonal methods during the first 3 weeks after delivery because the risk of DVT is higher in the weeks after childbirth. If you have additional risk factors for DVT, you should wait to use combined hormonal methods until after the first 46 weeks following delivery.
The risk of DVT also may be slightly higher in women taking pills containing a progestin called drospirenone and in women using the patch. However, the risk of DVT is higher during pregnancy and in the weeks after childbirth than when taking drospirenone-containing pills or using the patch.
If you are breastfeeding, estrogen may affect your milk supply. It is recommended that you wait until the fifth week after delivery to start using these methods, when breastfeeding has been well established.
Supplements That May Interfere With Birth Control
Hormonal control of ovulation has been available to women since the early 1960s with the introduction of the pill. Initially, dosages of estrogen and progesterone were available only in pill form, but in 2011 they are offered as injections, patches and implants. All hormonal methods prevent ovulation by maintaining sex hormones at high levels throughout a womans cycle. Some supplements may interfere with the actions of hormonal birth control, which can lead to unplanned pregnancies.
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How Can I Get My Nexplanon Removed
How to Remove Nexplanon Method 1 of 3: Deciding When to Remove the Implant. Check your user card to determine when the implant should be removed. Method 2 of 3: Having the Procedure Done. Allow your healthcare provider to palpate your arm to locate the implant. Method 3 of 3: Avoiding Complications after Nexplanon Removal. Take ibuprofen or acetaminophen for pain.
Most birth control medications have side effects, though theyâre different for each woman.
Both the pill and the rod could cause:
- Changes in your period
- No period
The pill also could cause rare but more serious problems like blood clots, stroke, and heart attack. These are more common in smokers and women over 35.
Nexplanon also seems to cause acne and hair loss in some women. Talk to your doctor if you notice these side effects.
Do Antibiotics Affect Nexplanon
The common antibiotics a doctor or nurse gives you will not affect your Nexplanon. Antibiotics for TB and antibiotics to treat or prevent meningitis can affect Nexplanon as can some drugs used to treat epilepsy and HIV. The complementary medicine St Johns Wort can also make Nexplanon less effective.
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