Dim: The Estrogen Buster
DIM stands for di-indolyl-methane. DIM comes from indole-3-carbinol, which is a compound naturally found in cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, and collards. When these foods reach the stomach, indole-3-carbinol is broken down by the stomach acid. DIM is then released as a by-product.
However, the amount of DIM you get from digesting a serving or two of broccoli isnt going to be enough if youre in a state of estrogen overload. Youd need to eat about 6 pounds of these vegetables a day to get a therapeutic dose of DIM.
Thats where supplements come in. A clinical trial published in the journal Nutrition and Cancer has reported that it takes a dosage of about 100 mg of DIM to have any effect on estrogen dominance.
While taking indole-3-carbinol can be helpful for some women, I do not recommend taking supplemental I3C for two reasons:
The conclusion is: DIM works a lot better, and it does so without the potential negative effects you can get from taking I3C. This molecule is so great for getting rid of excess estrogen that its often referred to as the Estrogen Buster. However, its not a complete story.
What Are Some Of Dims Opposite Effects On Breast Cancer Cells
I3C studies show that I3C stops the growth of estrogen receptor-positive and negative breast cancer cells in culture.10 DIM reportedly either makes estrogen receptor positive breast cancer cells grow11 or inhibits them9 in culture. According to researchers at the University of California, DIM promotes the growth of human breast cancer cells about as half as well as estrogen when no estrogen is present in the culture. In addition, DIMs inhibition of cancer cell growth was weak in the presence of estrogen. Remember, these are laboratory conditions only and probably dont occur in real life. How DIM behaves, however, may depend on dose. Researchers at Texas A& M report that DIM significantly counteracts estrogen-induced growth of MCF-7 cells in culture at higher doses. However, unlike I3C which retards the growth of estrogen receptor negative breast cancer cells, DIM has no effect on estrogen receptor negative cells.10 Another question about DIM is whether it can increase aromatase in breast and other tissue. Aromatase is an enzyme that helps create estrogen. DIM reportedly enhances the enzyme in adrenocortical cancer cells.11
Not only is DIM not responsible for the anti-cancer effects of I3C, it has fewer anti-cancer effects , when its isolated from the other phytochemicals that naturally occur with it.
Steroid Hormone Concentrations In Serum Samples And Tumor Homogenates
At the time of necropsy of the control and experimental SCID mice, 1 ml of blood was obtained by cardiac puncture using a 25G needle from each mouse. Blood samples were collected in special tubes and spun down in a refrigerated centrifuge at 4 °C and a speed of 1200 x g for 20 min. Serum was harvested and stored at 20 °C until assayed for the presence of hormones. Frozen tissue specimens of approximately 0.10.5 g from individual mice were homogenized in 5 ml of PBS and the homogenate centrifuged at 1200 x g, for 20 min at 4 °C. The supernatants were harvested and stored at 80 °C until hormone assays .
Levels of estrone sulphate , estradiol , androstenedione , testosterone , dehydroepiandrosterone and progesterone in tumor homogenates and serum samples were assayed by amplified Enzyme-Immunoassay previously validated in our laboratory .
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Cell Culture Vectors And Indole
The cell lines used in this study were obtained from the American Type Culture Collection and maintained as monolayer cultures in Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum , 2 mmol/L glutamine, 0.1 mg/L streptomycin and 1000 U/L penicillin G . All of the vectors used in this study were described previously , including the ER expression plasmid containing both the T7 and cytomegalovirus promoters, the ERE-TK-LUC reporter composed of the vitellogenin A2 ERE controlling a minimal thymidine kinase promoter , and luciferase in plasmid pGL2, the expression of wild-type BRCA1 in pcDNA3 plasmid, pCMV-Sp1 and Sp1-TK-LUC. I3C was purchased from Sigma , dissolved in 95% ethanol and stored at 20°C before use. The MTT assay of I3C toxicity showed that IC3 resulted in a significant toxicity in these cell lines . Therefore, 10125 mol/L doses of I3C were employed in the present study.
Animals And Xenograft Establishment
The protocol was approved by the Committee of the Universidad Complutense of Madrid, and Animal Protection Area of the Community of Madrid, Spain . Twenty-four non-ovariectomized female SCID mice , 68 weeks of age and weighing between 20 and 22 g were used. The animals were housed in a flexible-film isolator in cages , each measuring 330 cm2×12 cm, in a room with controlled environmental conditions . Pre-sterilized food and water were provided ad libitum. All experimental procedures were performed between 11:30 a.m. and 12:30 a.m. The method of euthanasia used to sacrifice the mice was isoflurane flow rate adjusted to 5% until one minute after breathing stops. Then, cervical dislocation was applied as method of confirmation of euthanasia.
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Medications That Slow Blood Clotting Interacts With Indole
Indole-3-carbinol might slow blood clotting. In theory, taking indole-3-carbinol along with medications that also slow clotting might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding.Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel , dalteparin , enoxaparin , heparin, ticlopidine , warfarin , and others.
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Overcome Estrogen Dominance With Help From This Kit
Based on the above research and positive experience of our community, Ive put together a kit specifically for Estrogen Dominance. Its called the Estrogen Reset Kit. It contains all 3 of the supplements you need to normalize your estrogen levels and get back to balance:
These three supplements used together offer complete estrogen metabolism and elimination. Taking this kit along with following a hormone balancing diet can massively speed up your recovery from estrogen dominance and its frustrating symptoms.
Precautions: Some research has shown that DIM could affect blood sugar levels. If youve been diagnosed with diabetes or hypoglycemia, or are taking drugs, herbs, or supplements that affect blood sugar, please talk to your healthcare provider before taking DIM. If you decide to add DIM to your supplement regimen, make sure your blood glucose levels are being monitored along the way.
Determination Of The 17
Assay of E2-activated ER-mediated transcriptional activity was performed as described previously . Subconfluent proliferating cells plated in 24-well culture dishes were cotransfected with the luciferase reporter plasmid containing ERE , ER expression plasmid and pCMV–gal . pBluescript DNA was used to adjust the total DNA concentration to an equal amount per well. The transfection was carried out using the transfection reagent, lipofectin according to the manufacture’s instructions. Cells were cultured for an additional 24 h in DMEM with different concentration of l3C. Cells were harvested with a luciferase lysis buffer . Lysates were analyzed for luciferase activity using a liquid scintillation counter and the data were normalized by protein concentration.
Health Benefits Of Indole
Indole-3-Carbinol balances hormone levels, improves breast health, detoxifies the intestines and liver, and supports the immune system.
Thermographic imaging demonstrates positive outcome after 6 months of indole-3-carbinol supplementation and improved lifestyle changes:
The accumulation of environmental estrogens from sources such as poor nutrition, lack of exercise, increased levels of stress, environmental toxins and certain medications such as hormone replacement therapy can increase the risks of most gynecological cancers including endometrial, ovarian and breast cancer as well as increasing the risks of heart attacks and stroke. Too much estrogen also contributes to PMS and menopausal type symptoms including bloating, breast tenderness, moodiness irritability and water retention.
Estrogen metabolism in the body is determined by an individuals biochemical make-up with some likely to produce more 2-hydroxy derivatives and others producing more 16-hydroxyesterone .
Indole-3-Carbinol for Breast Health
Healthier is Smarter!
When Dim Stops Working Whats Going On
While DIM can be an effective supplement for some, it doesnt work as well alone. In fact, you can feel worse after taking it if youre taking it by itself. DIM needs the help of a couple of other nutrients to help it completely flush out the extra estrogen. Heres whats actually happening
The way DIM works is through supporting only Phase I of liver detoxification. However, complete estrogen metabolism in the body requires support of both Phase 1 and Phase 2 liver detoxification pathways.
Liver detoxification is made up of two phases:
- Phase I is all about oxidation .
- Phase II is conjugation .
Phase II also makes the toxins water soluble, preparing them to be eliminated from the body through the bile or urine.
If DIM is used alone, it will help with Phase I liver detoxification, so the toxins and hormones will be oxidized and made ready to be eliminated. However, without an active Phase II pathway, these oxidized toxins will get recirculated in the body, rather than being eliminated.
This means that DIM only partially helps to remove metabolized estrogen from the body. It can also make you feel worse, because the toxins, used up hormones , bile acids, get sent back through your body, creating inflammation and more imbalance.
Thats why DIM needs to be combined with two other nutrients, sulforaphane and calcium D-glucarate. These two nutrients help the liver complete the detoxification process and eliminate the excess estrogen from the body.
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Herbal And Alternative Medicine:
I love using herbal formulations with my patients in order to provide safe and effective relief for their symptoms. Herbals are a gentle way to treat for many symptoms such as hot flashes, painful periods, unpredictable periods, hormonal acne, fertility, sleep, and more! Here are some common herbal supplements to balance hormones and combat these unwanted issues
Unfortunately, there are so many wonderful herbal supplements to balance hormones that I cannot possibly mention them all. It is also important to know that there is more to herbs that simply checking what health issues they are indicated for. They also have synergistic properties, which means that some herbs work better together! A naturopathic doctor can come up with a herbal formula that is dosed safely and appropriately for your individualized health history and concerns. There are also pre-made supplements on the market which are formulated for hormone balance. My trustworthy brands in this category include Vitanica and Femenessence.
Top 10 Foods To Restore Hormone Balance
Hormones have a huge impact on our overall health and well being as they affect everything from our menstrual cycles to health issues such as PCOS, Thyroid, PMT and Endometriosis. Nutrition can be a powerful tool when addressing hormone imbalances as when hormones are in harmony you reclaim your life back! Here are my top 10 foods to eat to help restore hormone balance.
Also read my read post on: Top 10 Daily habits to promote Hormone Balance
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Why Does Zeligs Say That Dim Is The Active Form Of I3c Responsible For Improved Estrogen Metabolism
Good question, because the study Zeligs uses to back that up doesnt say that. It points to another product, ICZ, as potentially having greater estrogen metabolizing potential than either DIM or I3C.12 Not only is DIM not the active form of I3C, it may not even be a desirable form of I3C. In the cited study, DIM had to be injected to reach the level of estrogen modulation obtained with oral I3C.
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What You Will Learn In This Article
- DIM the Estrogen Dominance supplement
- Some benefits of DIM
- When DIM stops working whats going on?
- How sulforaphane works with DIM
- How calcium D-glucarate works with DIM
- Overcome Estrogen Dominance with help from this kit
- Who can benefit from the Estrogen Reset Kit
If youve spent much time on this website, you may have noticed that we dedicated most of our resources to help women address Estrogen Dominance. If you are not familiar with this hormonal condition, start by either reading my book Overcoming Estrogen Dominance, or read this comprehensive article for a great overview of this condition. There, youll also find a FREE assessment you can take to help you figure out whether youre likely to be estrogen dominant.
The short version is that Estrogen Dominance is an imbalance of one or more of the following:
Many women have been advised or have found recommendations from books or online to take a supplement called DIM. Its one of the top recommended supplements for overcoming estrogen dominance.
So, what happened? Whats missing? Stay tuned thats what well cover in this article.
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Feed Your Gut Microbiome
For hormone production and balance we need to ensure our gut bacteria are flourishing so eating fermented foods daily , prebiotic foods and probiotic yoghurts etc as well as eating as many different foods as possible in a week will help maintain the diversity you need.
If you feel that you could benefit from additional support, they you can learn more by reading my page about hormone imbalance or dont hesitate to contact me using the form below.
How Sulforaphane Works With Dim
Sulforaphane is an active component of cruciferous vegetables and especially broccoli sprouts. You can certainly get some of it in your diet by including these foods. However, its difficult to know just how much sulforaphane is in each serving of broccoli or sprouts, because it varies widely. Again, thats why a sulforaphane supplement could be helpful.
Sulforaphane works with DIM by additionally supporting Phase II of liver detoxification specifically, the sulfation pathway, which is the main pathway for estrogen metabolism.
After the estrogens are oxidized in phase I , sulfation helps to eliminate dirty estrogen metabolites by combining them with sulfur-based compounds, like sulforaphane. They are then water-soluble and are ready to be eliminated from the body via the kidneys and liver. I personally use and recommend Brocco Power, our sulforaphane supplement. The recommended dosage is 500 mg a day.
Sulforaphane also increases the good/protective estrogens, so that you maintain a healthy estrogen balance.
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What To Look For
When shopping for any supplement, always buy from reputable brands and avoid companies that make sweeping claims about their products.
If youre thinking of taking I3C, you may want to first try increasing the amount of cruciferous vegetables in your diet. Consider that theres no definitive research about the safety or health benefits of I3C. Theres just not enough research to say for sure whether its entirely safe to take I3C and whether it really does have anticancer effects.