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What Are Chlamydia And Gonorrhea Tests

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In many cases, chlamydia and gonorrhea cause little to no symptoms. This makes it difficult to tell whether or not you have been infected with the bacteria that cause these diseases. Because of this, it is important to undergo screening for gonorrhea or chlamydia if you think you may have an infection, or if you are at an increased risk of contracting one of these diseases. These STDs can cause serious complications if left untreated.

What Is An Hiv Lab Test

HIV is a viral infection that damages your bodyâs immune system. HIV is transmitted through sexual contact or contact with infected blood. Pregnant women may pass this disease to their unborn child, or through breastfeeding. HIV is the early stage of the infection that may progress to become AIDS. If left untreated, HIV usually develops into AIDS within 8-10 months – once the virus has severely damaged the immune system.

HIV/ AIDS dramatically affects your bodyâs ability to fight infection. Individuals managing AIDS may become fatally ill from a disease that causes mild symptoms in healthy individuals.

Deaths caused by HIV/ AIDS have decreased in the last 10-20 years, however, the disease is still deadly if left untreated. Early detection can help you and your doctor slow the progression of the illness through medication.

No HIV test can detect HIV immediately after exposure. The tests used to diagnose HIV are usually employed within 10-90 days after infection. If you believe you may have been exposed to HIV in the last 72 hours, contact your doctor to schedule a post-exposure prophylaxis appointment. PEP involves taking medication for 28 days after possible exposure to prevent HIV.

You may elect to undergo PEP if:– You had unprotected sex with someone who may be infected, or if the condom broke during sex- If you have shared needles, syringes, or injection equipment – You have been sexually assaulted

What Happens During An Hbv Test

Most HBV tests are performed at a primary care office. If your doctor suspects that you may be experiencing symptoms of an HBV or a liver condition, they may order that you take an HPV test to screen your blood for the presence of the hepatitis B virus.

If you are undergoing an HBV test in a primary care clinic, your blood will be drawn for testing. During your appointment, your arm will be wrapped in a band to push blood into the veins of the arm. This makes it easier to insert the needle that will be drawing blood from that area. You may feel a slight pinch as the needle is inserted into your arm, but this sensation should pass within a few seconds. The needle draws blood from a vein in your arm, depositing it into a vial or test tube. Some individuals or tests may require multiple tubes to be filled.

After the needed about of blood has been drawn, the needle will be taken out of your arm and the puncture site will be cleaned and bandaged. The blood will then be sent to a lab for testing and analysis.

You will get your results for most tests in 1-3 business days. Depending on the results of your blood test, your health care provider may request follow-up testing to provide a definitive diagnosis of any health conditions or diseases they may detect.

Recommended Reading: How To Test Your Hormone Balance

Why Do Folks On Hormones Need To Have Labs Drawn

Checking labs helps us to optimize hormone regimens and ensure safety. Checking hormone levels also helps to guide dosing changes in line with an individuals embodiment goals.

Specifically, by medication, these are some of the labs we follow:

  • Spironolactone: Spironolactone should only be used by people with normal kidney function, and in rare cases people taking it can develop high potassium levels. Use requires monitoring of kidney function and potassium levels.
  • Hemoglobin, hematocrit: Testosterone can increase red blood cell counts when red blood cell counts are very high, there could be an increased risk of blood clots. Use requires monitoring of red blood cell count levels .
  • Estradiol: For people taking estradiol , we follow estradiol levels for most individuals 100200 pg/mL is an appropriate estradiol level for feminizing hormone therapy. We do not follow estriol or estrone levels.
  • Testosterone: For people taking testosterone, we follow testosterone levels for most individuals 320900 ng/dL is an appropriate level for masculinizing hormone therapy. At higher levels, extra testosterone is converted by the body into estradiol. For people using medications to block testosterone production, the goal testosterone level is typically less than 55 ng/dL.
  • Additional labs such as an A1C , lipid panel , or liver function testing may be recommended.

Understanding Of Lab Tests Results

How to get accurate testosterone level results on blood work

Please visit the site associated with The American Association for Clinical Chemistry for better understanding of tests. There you will find the most detailed and full information regarding lab tests. In “common questions” tab you will find answers on the most common questions.

In addition, you can use a special form to ask the question. It is useful, if there is no answer on your question on the web site. A laboratory scientist will answer your question. It is a part of voluntary service provided by the American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science.

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What Should I Expect From My Female Hormone Panel

The Female Hormone Panel gives detailed information on the levels currently present in a womans body, which can be useful in determining whether hormone replacement therapy is an option, or if an ongoing therapy has been effective. Some tests also provide a comprehensive view of the overall health of a patient to provide greater insight into the cause of symptoms possibly linked to menopause, infertility or other female conditions.

Questions about online blood testing or how to order a lab test?

How Are Lab Costs Billed

If you do not have insurance, you will pay PPMI directly for lab costs for labs ordered by a PPMI clinician that are drawn either at PPMI or Quest Labs. If you have insurance, Quest will bill your insurance for your labs you may receive a bill from your insurance company, and the amount is dependent on your insurance plan . If you have a special circumstance and are having labs drawn at another facility , you or your insurance will be billed directly by that facility for the lab costs .

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What If I Receive A Negative Result

It may take some time for an HIV test to detect the presence of the virus. Just because you have received a negative result from your first test does not mean that you do not have HIV. It is recommended that you receive a second test after the window period of your first test to confirm whether or not you have been infected. The window period is the timeframe when a test can accurately detect the presence of the HIV virus. For instance, the window period for a nucleic acid test is 10-30 days. If you receive a negative result from this test, it is recommended that you receive a second test after that 30 day period.

If you have taken a second test after the window period of your first test and have received negative results, it is likely that you do not have HIV. During this time, you should abstain from unprotected sexual contact or sharing needles and syringes. This can reduce your risk of contracting or spreading the virus while you are waiting for your diagnosis.

Some Studies Show That An Estimate Of 40 % Of Adults Have Thyroid Problems And Women Are 7 More Times Likely Than Men To Suffer From Hypothyroidism

Quest STD Awareness/Confidential Testing


he Thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland located on the front of the neck. It consists of two lobes connected by the isthmus in the middle. When the thyroid is normal, it is hard to palpate. Thyroid produces primarily T4 and T3. T4 needs to be converted into T3, its more potent and active form.

The thyroid helps maintain your metabolic rate and metabolic functions throughout the body. Its role is so critical and widespread that its dysfunction will not go unnoticed. Your weight, your temperature, your heart, you brain, and even your gut may be affected and may cause a myriad of symptoms.

Underactive thyroid aka hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism appears to be more prevalent today as stress, pollution and hormonal imbalances are on the rise. The culprit of an underactive thyroid of course has many roots and could be quite complex as the balance of its hormone production require a great deal of harmonious processes.

Common root causes of thyroid dysfunction

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What Do The Results Of Chlamydia/ Gonorrhea Tests Mean

A positive result from either of these tests indicates that you have been infected with either chlamydia or gonorrhea. A negative test indicates that no infection has been detected.

Chlamydia and gonorrhea tests are routine procedures, and you should receive your results within a few days of your appointment. If you performed the tests at home, the results may take longer. If you have not heard from your health care provider after 3-5 days, you may call the clinic to ask about the status of your test, and whether or not results have been determined yet.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Tests

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition caused by a hormonal imbalance. In PCOS, women or people assigned female at birth tend to have high levels of male sex hormones known as androgens.

Symptoms of PCOS include irregular menstrual periods, infertility, acne, abnormal hair growth, and ovarian cysts. A health care provider may suggest the following hormone tests to help diagnose PCOS:

Tests Related to PCOS
Blood A hormone made in the adrenal glands that can be related to abnormal development of sex organs

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What Do The Results Of An Hbv Test Mean

HBV screens frequently employ three separate tests:

– HBV surface antigen test: This test checks for the presence of HBV in the blood. A positive result means that the virus was detected in your blood, and you are contagious. A negative result means no trace of the virus was detected in the blood and you are not contagious.

– HBV core antigen test: This test also checks for the presence of HBV in the blood. A positive result means that HBV was detected in the blood, where a negative result indicates that no HBV was detected in the blood.

– HBV surface antibody test: This test determines your immunity to HBV. You may be immune due to vaccination, or because you have recovered from an HBV infection and your body has developed the antibodies to fight off the disease. A positive test means that you do exhibit immunity to HBV, where a negative test shows that you are not currently immune to the disease.

Search For The Nearest Any Lab Test Now Locationwhere This Test Is Available

Complete Thyroid Panel

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What If I Receive A Positive Result

If you have received a positive result from your test, your doctor may order a second test to definitively confirm that you have been infected with the HIV virus. These tests include:

– Viral load test: Also known as an HIV RNA test, this test measures the levels of the virus in your blood. This test can help determine how long you have been infected and monitors the efficacy of early-stage HIV treatment.

– CD4 T Cell Count: CD4 T Cells attack the HIV virus in the blood. When the count of these white blood cells drops below 200, the HIV virus has begun to develop into AIDS.

If you have been diagnosed with HIV, or suspect you may have been exposed to the virus, it is important that you inform your recent sexual partners so that they can begin treatment too. Even if your partner exhibits no signs or symptoms, it is very likely that they have also been infected, and require treatment. While these can be uncomfortable conversations to have, keeping your sexual partners informed can help them detect the disease early and treat the condition with maximum efficacy.

What Tests Are Included In A Standard Health Panel

A standard health panel is a routine blood/ urine test that uses various types of analysis to determine your overall health, and diagnose any infections or diseases that may be detected. The most common tests performed during a standard health panel include:

– Complete blood count

  • People over the age of 60 with diabetes
  • People who have traveled from countries where hepatitis B is common

The CDC estimates that nearly 1.4 million Americans have been diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B. About 3,000 Americans die from the infection every year. If you suspect that you may have been exposed to the HBV virus, contact your health care provider right away.

Also Check: Can My Doctor Prescribe Bioidentical Hormones

Who May Need A Female Hormone Panel

Middle-aged women, and those experiencing difficulties with becoming pregnant, will most benefit from having their hormone levels checked in order to either begin hormone replacement therapy, or make lifestyle changes which could improve certain aspects of their hormone levels. Also, patients who have experienced symptoms related to menopause, as well as those looking to discover the source of a chronic condition possibly linked to abnormal hormone levels or general health, will also be provided enough information to work with their physician in determining a method of treatment.

What Others Are Saying About Dutch

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I tend to use the Precision Analytical panel. Its the one that I found to be the most accurate.

Dr. Sara Gottfried, MD

Using genetic testing is an excellent way to demonstrate susceptibility. DUTCH combined with genetic testing shows how genes are working in real time. A winning combination.

Dr. Ben Lynch

Epigenetic Pioneer

DUTCH is a complete game changer in the functional medicine landscape, and far superior to saliva hormone testing in most circumstances.

Chris Kresser, MS, LAC

New York Times best selling author of The Paleo Cure

The Precision Analytical panel is used routinely in our clinical practice, and I so appreciate the quality, reliability, and breadth of data Im seeing.

Dr. Kara Fitzgerald

Functional Medicine thought-leader, educator, clinician, author, and host of New Frontiers in Functional Medicine.

We know every sample received by our lab comes from a real person, with a real story.

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What Is Hormone Testing For Women

Hormones are substances that send chemical messages in the body and have a variety of effects on processes like physical development, reproduction, and mood.

People of any sex have a wide range of hormones in their body. Hormone testing for women and people assigned female at birth often focuses on hormones that play a role in puberty, fertility, menopause, and health conditions more common in this population.

Hormone testing may be used for a variety of purposes in women and people assigned female at birth. Hormone tests for women can be used to confirm pregnancy, track menopause, detect hormonal imbalances, and understand the cause of reproductive health issues.

Women’s Expanded Hormone Panel


This hormone testing panel for women measures levels of Free and Total Testosterone, DHEA-S and Total Estrogen.

Here Are The Standard Reference Ranges For Some Of The Most Common Adult Lab Tests

byKristina Fiore, Director of Enterprise & Investigative Reporting, MedPage Today October 15, 2021

Following are the normal ranges for common lab tests for adults. Sources include Labcorp, Quest Diagnostics, and Rush University.


White blood cells: 5-12 th/uL

Red blood cells: 4.00-5.20 mil/uL

Hemoglobin: 11.5-15.5 g/dL

Mean corpuscular volume : 79-98 fl

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin : 25-33 pg

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration : 30-37 g/dL

Platelets: 150-399 × 103/mm3

Red blood cell distribution width : 11.5-14.5%

International normalized ratio : 0.9-1.2

Fibrinogen: 1.8-4 g/L

Thyroid-stimulating hormone : 0.35-4.94 mIU/L

Total T4: 4.9-11.7 mg/dL

Blood urea nitrogen : 8-21 mg/dL

Calcium: 8.7-10.7 mg/dL

Creatinine: 0.75-1.20 mg/dL 0.65-1.00 mg/dL

Glucose: fasting 60-99 mg/dL nonfasting 60-200 mg/dL

Potassium: 3.4-5.3 mmol/L

Estradiol: 2-14 ng/dL 2-16 ng/dL < 3.5 ng/dL 1.5-5 ng/dL

Ferritin: 12-300 ng/mL 12-150 ng/mL

Folate: 7-36 nmol/L

Vitamin D: 5-75 ng/mL

Zinc: 70-100 mol/L

  • Kristina Fiore leads MedPages enterprise & investigative reporting team. Shes been a medical journalist for more than a decade and her work has been recognized by Barlett & Steele, AHCJ, SABEW, and others. Send story tips to Follow

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How Do Doctors Test For Syphilis

Syphilis is diagnosed through blood testing. Because symptoms may not show up – especially in the early stages of the infection – lab tests are required to definitively detect the condition. The blood tests most commonly used to diagnose syphilis are detailed below:

– Rapid plasma reagin : This blood test checks the blood for the presence of syphilis antibodies. These proteins are produced by the body to combat a foreign substance – such as the syphilis bacteria. The presence of syphilis antibodies may indicate an infection.

– Venereal disease research laboratory : This test also checks the blood for the presence of syphilis antibodies.

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