What Are The Risks Of Taking Birth Control Pills
may seem like an easy go-to option for treating hormonal acne, there are some risks associated with hormonal serious side effects that need to be considered before starting or inserting birth control and monitored over time. If significant side effects occur, it may be a good idea to consult your physician about a different birth control option
for women with acne typically contain at least 35 mcg of Ethinyl EstradiolDermatology categorized the different contraceptive types by their efficiency in clearing acne. We found the study super interesting, so we just had to share the findings with you!
According to this study, drospirenone was the most helpful in preventing acne, while levonorgestrel and norethindrone were the least helpful.
Having said that, many other birth control pills, including Ocella, Yasmin, Trinessat, MonoNessa, Apri, and Reclipse. As mentioned above, some of these medications come with additional risks and side effects that should be considered before starting.
What Should I Do If I Miss A Birth Control Pill
If its been less than 48 hours since you missed a pill, take it as soon as you can. If youre due for your next pill, its OK to take them both together. If its been more than 48 hours since you missed a pill, take the missed pill as soon as possible, and use a backup method of contraception, such as condoms, for 7 days. Emergency contraception is recommended if your pill was missed early in your cycle, or during the last week of your pill pack and you had unprotected sex in the last 5 days.
When To Switch Birth Control Methods
Finding the right form of birth control is a process of trial and error. Many people find that hormonal birth control reduces the pain of period cramps and regulates the menstrual cycle.
However, it is common to have to try several different types or brands of pill before finding one with manageable side effects. Some people find that they are not able to tolerate hormonal birth control in any form.
Many non-hormonal options are available, including the copper intrauterine device , condoms, a diaphragm, and spermicidal lubricants. If people are interested in permanent contraception, they can discuss surgical options with a doctor.
People can also speak to a doctor about switching birth control types whenever the side effects feel intolerable, or the risks seem too large.
Switching birth control type might be beneficial for people who are:
- continuing to experience side effects that are no better after 23 months
- having side effects that are unbearable or interfere with daily functioning
- living with a medical condition, such as lupus, liver disease, or cardiovascular disease, that may worsen the side effects of birth control
- smoking while using hormonal birth control
- having migraines while using birth control, especially those with aura
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How Does Hormonal Birth Control Work
Typically, this type of contraceptive relies on synthetic versions of two naturally occurring hormones: progesterone and estrogen.
Synthetic progesterone is primarily responsible for preventing pregnancy. It suppresses ovulation and thickens the cervical mucus so sperm is not penetrable,Aparna Sridhar, MD, associate clinical professor of obstetrics and gynecology at UCLA Health, tells LIVESTRONG.com.
Synthetic estrogen also helps stop ovulation, which is the release of an egg from your ovaries into your fallopian tube, where it can then be fertilized. But its main benefit is cycle control, Dr. Sridhar says. Basically, estrogen prevents breakthrough bleeding so you have a normal period that mimics a natural menstrual cycle.
Some forms of hormonal birth control contain both progesterone and estrogen. These are called combined hormonal contraception. Others only contain progesterone. These non-estrogen methods include the mini Pill, hormonal IUD, implant and injection.
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How Can Pandia Health Help
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Why You Should Not Go On Birth Control
According to the Food and Drug Administration , the effects of continuously raised estrogen levels in the female body due to taking birth control pills may include an increased risk of breast cancer, blood clotting, migraines, liver problems, increased blood pressure, weight gain, and spotting between periods.
How Are Very Low
Very-low-dose birth control pills are usually started on the first Sunday after your period starts. If you’re perimenopausal but you aren’t having regular periods, you can probably take a hormone called medroxyprogesterone acetate to start your period. These pills are taken for 21 days in a row and then not taken for seven days. During the seven days without medicine, your period will start. Seven days later , you’ll start taking the very-low-dose oral contraceptives for another cycle .
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Study Finds New Birth Control Pills May Have Slightly Higher Blood Clot Risk
A new study has found that users of these newer types of birth control pills that use the hormone drospirenone may be more likely to develop blood clots.
If you’re taking a newer form of birth control like Yaz or Yasmin, listen up. A new study has found that users of these newer types of birth control pills that use the hormone drospirenone may be more likely to develop blood clots.
Although the relative risk is still very low – there were just eight to 10 clots per 10,000 women per year – it’s still 43 perecent to 65 percent higher than women taking other types of birth control pills . Called venous thromboembolisms, these blood clots are usually formed in the leg, but can move to the lungs, resulting in a pulmonary embolism.
While the risk is relatively very low, researchers of the study caution that it’s important to remember the association and have an open discussion with your doctor about the different types of contraceptives – especially if you have other risk factors such as obesity, smoking and high blood pressure.
We say this a lot, but it’s just because it’s true: talk to your doctor to see what’s best for you and your body!
What Are The Types Of Birth Control Pills
There are two different types of birth control pills. Both types contain hormones that prevent pregnancy.
- Combination pills contain estrogen and progestin.
- Progestin-only pills are also called the minipill. Theyre better for some women, such as those who are breastfeeding or have a history of blood clots and strokes and shouldnt take estrogen.
The pill comes in different dosing packets from 21-day pill packs to 90-day pill packs, to even 365 days of active pills. Traditionally, depending on the brand and dose, you take at least three weeks of active pills followed by two to seven days of hormone-free pills. This is called cyclical dosing. Most women have a menstrual period during the inactive pills. Some brands do not provide any inactive pills at all in the pack . With the 21-day packs a woman does not take any pills for a week. During this time, youll have your period, similar to what happens when taking the inactive, hormone-free pills.
Some formulations offer continuous dosing, which means you do not have any inactive pills, and a woman takes an active pill daily. Alternatively, extended cycle dosing is when inactive pills or breaks in the active pill regimen only occur three to four times per year. Skipping the inactive pills prevents menstruation. Your healthcare provider can discuss the best option for you.
Enhancing Healthcare Team Outcomes
Oral contraceptive pills provide patients with the option to prevent pregnancy. If the patient has medical conditions that put them at increased risk for taking combined OC or progestin OC, the prescriber should inform patients of many alternatives to prevent pregnancy. OCs are a choice made by the patient and her clinician after adequate counseling of risks and benefits. There are significant non-contraceptive uses of hormonal contraceptives, and these should be considered when counseling the patient about her options. Many OC formulations can provide menstrual regularity, treating both menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea. They can even be utilized to induce amenorrhea for lifestyle considerations.
What Are The Side Effects Of Low Dose Birth Control
Here are some drawbacks or side-effects of taking combination low dose birth control pills:
- You can experience a headache.
- You may suffer from nausea.
- You may have occasional bouts of vomiting.
- You may suffer from mental health conditions such as depression or anxiety.
- You may experience changes in your body weight .
- You may experience breast soreness or tenderness.
- It may increase your risk of a stroke.
- It may increase your risk of having a heart attack.
- It may increase blood clots.
- It may reduce breast milk production in breastfeeding mothers.
- You may experience spotting in between your menstrual cycles.
- You may go through occasional mood swings.
- You may experience decreased libido.
Here are some disadvantages of low-dose progestin pill:
- It may cause ovarian cysts.
- It may cause mental health issues such as depression.
- It may cause pain or tenderness in your breasts.
- It may lead to bloating.
- It may cause headaches.
- If may lead to irregular periods.
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What Are The Benefits Of Low Dose Birth Control
Here are some of the many benefits of using low dose combination birth control pill:
- It may reduce the symptoms associated with PMS or premenstrual syndrome.
- If your periods are irregular, taking these pills can make them regular.
- You may experience lighter menstrual bleeding than usual.
- You may get extra protection against PID or pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Your menstrual pain or cramps may be less severe and painful than before.
- You may be at a lower risk of developing any kind of ovarian cancer, ovarian cysts, or endometrial cancer.
Now lets us discuss some of the pros of taking low dose progestin-only pills:
- You may experience less painful periods because of reduced cramping.
- Your menstrual flow may become lighter .
- You can take these pills even when you are breastfeeding, as a low amount of estrogen proves to be a safer bet for breastfeeding mothers.
- Taking these pills also means a lower or reduced risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, endometrial cancer, and other such complications.
No Or Less Frequent Placebos
If the pill formulation is monophasic, meaning each hormonal pill contains a fixed dose of hormones, it is possible to skip withdrawal bleeding and still remain protected against conception by skipping the placebo pills altogether and starting directly with the next packet. Attempting this with bi- or tri-phasic pill formulations carries an increased risk of breakthrough bleeding and may be undesirable. It will not, however, increase the risk of getting pregnant.
Starting in 2003, women have also been able to use a three-month version of the pill. Similar to the effect of using a constant-dosage formulation and skipping the placebo weeks for three months, Seasonale gives the benefit of less frequent periods, at the potential drawback of breakthrough bleeding. Seasonique is another version in which the placebo week every three months is replaced with a week of low-dose estrogen.
A version of the combined pill has also been packaged to completely eliminate placebo pills and withdrawal bleeds. Marketed as Anya or Lybrel, studies have shown that after seven months, 71% of users no longer had any breakthrough bleeding, the most common side effect of going longer periods of time without breaks from active pills.
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Other Possible Benefits Of Birth Control
Birth control pills have benefits besides contraception. They lower your risk of ovarian and endometrial cancer and can help with acne. But it’s not clear if ultra-low-dose formulas do as good a job of providing these perks.
Birth control isn’t one-size-fits-all, so you should weigh the pros and cons of going extra-low with your doctor.
How Do You Get It
A doctor or a nurse practitioner must prescribe the Pill. They’ll ask about a girl’s health and family medical history, and will do an exam, which may include a pelvic exam. If the doctor or NP prescribes birth control pills, they’ll explain when to begin taking the Pill and what to do if pills are missed.
The doctor or NP might want to do a blood pressure check a few months later and make sure there are no other problems. After that, girls who are having sex should get routine exams every 6 months to a year, or as recommended.
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Were Often Told That The Pill Contains Oestrogen And Progesterone But No Pill Contains Either Hormone
Were often told that the pill contains oestrogen and progesterone. But no pill contains either hormone.
That is because, when taken orally, oestrogen and progesterone break down too quickly to be practical. Instead, the pill contains synthetic versions, which are built from more stable hormones that have been altered to mimic the hormones.
Every brand of combined pill on the market contains the same type of synthetic oestrogen, ethinyl estradiol, and one of eight synthetic progesterones, called progestins. Ethinyl estradiol prevents the body from releasing an egg every month, while progestins thicken the mucus at the entrance to the cervix and conspire to make the womb inhospitable. Even if an egg slips out and becomes fertilised, it wont be able to settle down and start growing.
So far, so good. But though the hormones are effective at preventing pregnancy, they arent perfect matches for our natural hormones. The end result is that these synthetic versions also have effects that you would never get from raw progesterone.
Because the contraceptive pill uses synthetic versions of female hormones, it can have side effects you might not expect such as facial hair
Find out more: eight women open up about the side effects they struggled with from the pill in our recent video, below.
The male hormone that these pills use is a close relative of testosterone called nandrolone. A potent androgen , it can lead to the development of typically male characteristics.
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Ways Birth Control Pills Rob Us Of Our Health
Birth Control Options Without Estrogen
Some birth control pills and other hormonal contraceptives contain only progestin. Again, because women can respond to hormone fluctuations differently, these options could improve or worsen migraine.
PPPs may not always suppress ovulation, however, and so estrogen fluctuation may occur, which has the potential to trigger migraine, according to the same paper.
Everyone is a little different, says Levitt. Some people will experience a little headache with hormones in general.
There are also non-oral birth control options such as IUDs, the birth control implant, or the monthly shot, all of which contain only progestin, no estrogen.
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