Wednesday, December 7, 2022

How Does Mirena Affect Hormones

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Paragard Iud Versus Mirena Iud

What to Do About Your Mirena IUD (and other hormone issues)

Mirena and Paragard might cause different risks and injuries, though similar claims and issues might arise. First, both devices could embed in the uterus or migrate away and damage other organs. These situations can require surgery for removal.

Injured users also allege that the makers of both IUDs were aware of these risks and failed to warn consumers. This means that consumers without proper warnings did not give fully informed consent for a medical professional to insert the device.

On the other hand, both Paragard and Mirena have potentially severe effects that victims might face challenges connecting to their IUD use. The symptoms of the Mirena crash or copper toxicity from Paragard are real for many people. Many victims, however, face legal hurdles when seeking compensation after experiencing these severe effects. They should always seek assistance from a Mirena or Paragard attorney.

Is Kyleena Less Painful Than Mirena

IUD insertion may cause some pain, bleeding, dizziness, and discomfort. You should feel better within about 30 minutes after placement. If you do not feel better by this time, your healthcare provider will need to examine you to ensure the device was placed correctly. Kyleena is slightly smaller in size than Mirena, so some patients tolerate insertion better.

Can Paragard Cause Copper Toxicity

Instead of hormones, Paragard uses copper wiring to prevent pregnancy because copper is toxic to eggs and sperm. The small amount of copper should not poison a Paragard userâs health in general, though reports have circulated of symptoms and effects that resemble copper toxicity.

Little research has explored the risks of copper toxicity from an IUD. One recent literature review stated that several studies were inconclusive, and several more found no connection between copper toxicity and Paragard. On the other hand, four studies reported elevated copper levels in the bloodstreams of copper IUDs users, though there were questions about the studys methodology and the reliability of the results.

People who have a diagnosis of Wilsonâs disease, which can cause excess copper buildup, might have higher risks of copper toxicity from Paragard.

Elevated levels of copper can cause psychological, hepatological, and neurological effects:

  • Yellow-tinted skin
  • Anxiety
  • Psychosis

While the connection between Paragard and copper toxicity is not a strong one, there is a chance that certain users might suffer severe symptoms from copper toxicity, and Paragard might play a role.

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How Does Mirena Work

Mirena birth control works by releasing levonorgestrel. This hormone thins the lining of the uterus. It also thickens the mucus in the cervix.

As a result, sperm has a hard time moving and surviving in the uterus. This prevents pregnancy.

The thinning of the uterine lining can also reduce or stop menstrual bleeding.

When To Call Your Doctor


When using an IUD, be aware of warning signs of a more serious problem related to the IUD.

or seek immediate medical care if:

  • You have severe pain in your belly or pelvis.
  • You have severe vaginal bleeding.
  • You are soaking through your usual pads or tampons each hour for 2 or more hours.
  • You have vaginal discharge that smells bad. You have a fever and chills.
  • You think you might be pregnant.

Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor if:

  • You cannot find the string of your IUD, or the string is shorter or longer than normal.
  • You have any problems with your birth control method.
  • You think you may have been exposed to or have a sexually transmitted infection.

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Paragard Iud Side Effects

Even though Paragard does not have the hormonal effects of Mirena, the IUD does come with the risk of side effects, which can include:

  • Backaches
  • Vaginitis
  • Expulsion of the device

While none of these side effects might be life-threatening, they can inconvenience a Paragard user, especially if they were unaware of the potential for such effects.

Mirena And Cancer Risk

Many studies have looked at the link between combination birth control pills and the risk of breast cancer. Less research has been done on the breast cancer risks of progestin-only birth control, like the Mirena IUD.

Some research on progestin-only birth control suggests that it doesn’t raise your chance of breast cancer. Heres what one large study found:

  • Breast cancer risk was slightly higher in the average population than in women ages 40-54 who used IUDs with levonorgestrel. That’s the hormone in Mirena.
  • Breast cancer risk was slightly lower in the average population than in women ages 30-39 who used these IUDs.
  • Regardless of age, there was no major difference in breast cancer risk between women who used this type of IUD and those who didn’t.
  • How long women used the IUD did not seem to affect their breast cancer risk.


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What Are The Main Differences Between Kyleena And Mirena

Kyleena and Mirena are both hormonal IUDs that contain a progestin called levonorgestrel . Both medications are available in brand name only. Kyleena contains a lower dose of LNG, as you can see in the information below.

Kyleena is also distinguished from other intrauterine devices by a blue-colored removal thread and the visibility of a silver ring on ultrasound. Your healthcare provider must insert Kyleena or Mirena . The IUD can stay in your body for five years. At that point, your healthcare provider must remove it. If you wish to continue using an IUD, a new IUD can be put in as soon as the previous one is removed.

Main differences between Kyleena and Mirena

But There Are Potential Cons Too

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  • The insertion procedure can be mildly to moderately painful. I recommend that people take ibuprofen beforehand, says Dr. Brant. It doesnt actually help with the pain during the insertion, but it does help with the cramping afterward.
  • With either type, during the first few months, you may experience irregular bleeding and/or cramping. You can continue to take 600 to 800 mg of ibuprofen every six to eight hours for this as well, Dr. Brant says. (NOTE: If the pain persists or gets worse and ibuprofen isnt cutting it, and/or youre soaking through a pad or more an hour, youll need to see your doctor right away.
  • Irregular bleeding and/or cramping that hasnt gone away after three months may result in your doctor putting you on ibuprofen for one to three months to alleviate pain and decrease bleeding or temporarily prescribing birth control pills to help regulate your cycle.
  • If you do get pregnant with an IUD , your risk of ectopic pregnancy is higher.
  • Youll need to see your doctor for another procedure to get the IUD taken out.
  • An IUD isnt recommended if you have an abnormally shaped uterus since placing it is more difficult and increases the risk of perforation.

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Is Kyleena Or Mirena More Effective

Studies are not available comparing Kyleena to Mirena. Looking at each drug individually, Kyleenas information states that the Kyleena IUD is over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy for each year of use. Over five years, it is 98.5% effective.

Mirena states similar informationit is over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy for each year of use, as well as over 99% effective over the five years.

Each IUD works as an effective method of contraception. They are appropriate for long-term use, up to five years for one IUD. Also, unlike birth control pills, you dont have to remember to take it every day.

These IUDs are also reversible contraception, meaning that when the IUD is removed, you can get pregnant. Most patients are able to get pregnant within 12 months after IUD removal. Only your healthcare provider can determine which medication is better for you, taking into account your medical history.

How Does The Mirena Work

The Mirena IUD, like all hormonal IUDs, contains a synthetic hormone called Levonorgestrel, a progestin, that it slowly releases in your body over time. While progestin sounds like progesterone, it is not, nor does it behave like progesterone in your body.

Instead, the progestin released thins the lining of your uterus, the endometrium, so a fertilized egg would be unable to implant. This is one way in which women have lighter or absent periods while using a hormonal IUD.

It is also designed to stop ovulation by suppressing the production of two brain hormonesFollicle Stimulating Hormone and Luteinizing Hormone . FSH and LH work together to mature an egg and trigger ovulation. They are also responsible for signaling the rise and fall of your hormones. It also thickens cervical secretions, making it difficult for sperm to make it to the egg in the event ovulation does occur.

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Why Does It Happen

When implanted, the IUD secretes a hormone much like progesterone known as levonorgestrel. Since the device is prescribed to stay put for five years, the womans body stops producing progesterone. According to Healthline, this happens because the womans body becomes dependent on the IUD. When the IUD is removed suddenly, the body lags in the natural production of progesterone. This delay in the production of the hormone causes a hormonal imbalance in the body. The imbalance interferes with normal body functions are ignites a set of symptoms usually held at bay in the presence of progesterone.

They Are Highly Effective

Intrauterine Device (IUD): Types, Methods &  Effectiveness

The IUD is one of the most effective types of birth control currently on the market. The pregnancy rate for IUD users is less than one percent. In fact, its as effective as tubal ligationgetting your tubes tied. For this reason, its often recommended as an alternative to tubal ligation since it has the benefit of being easily reversible.

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Mood Swings After Mirena Removal

The symptoms associated with removing the Mirena IUD are not necessarily life-threatening, although thatâs not to say theyâre not painful. However, one symptom does pose some riskâthe emotional effects. According to a study of Mirena removal, depression occurs in 36 percent of women under 33, with a higher percentage for those 34 and older.

Once doctors remove the device, disrupting hormone levels, patients often experience mood changes, ranging from depression and sudden mood swings to abnormal behavior. The resulting abrupt changes in the concentration of hormones disrupt how the brain and body function. One of these emotional changes is the possibility of suicidal thoughts. Obviously, this poses a serious risk. If you experience this symptom, speak to a healthcare professional right away.

Emotional symptoms of Mirena removal may include:

  • Consistent sadness, hopelessness, and/or anxiety
  • Mood swings and irritability
  • Suicidal thoughts

What Are The Advantages

  • Long acting it lasts for between 3 and 10 years depending on the type of IUD
  • Reversible you can choose to have it taken out at any time. After that, you will be able to get pregnant
  • 99% effective it works very well
  • You dont need to think about contraception every day
  • Does not affect breastfeeding
  • Does not get in the way of sex
  • The copper IUD does not contain any hormones
  • The copper IUD can also be used as emergency contraception
  • The hormonal IUD has a very small amount of hormones and most people have no side effects from this
  • The Mirena can help with period bleeding and pain, and most people will have light bleeding or no periods at all.

Studies show that IUDs do not cause pimples, headaches, sore breasts, nausea, mood changes, loss of sex drive or weight gain. There is no evidence of an extra risk of cancer.

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Talk With Your Doctor

The kind of birth control you use is a personal decision. There are many different types available today, including Mirena. If you have questions about which one may be right for you, talk to your doctor. They can help you find a method that works well for you. Questions you might want to ask your doctor include:

  • Is Mirena or another IUD a good choice for me?
  • Am I taking any drugs that might interact with Mirena?
  • Do I have any health conditions that might cause problems if I use Mirena?

What Are The Kinds Of Hormonal Iuds

Prepping for Mirena IUD Removal

There are four brands of hormonal IUDs available in the U.S.: Mirena, Kyleena, Liletta, and Skyla. They all work the same and have the same kind of hormone in them. Different hormonal IUDs last for different lengths of time: the Mirena and Liletta IUDs work for up to 7 years. Kyleena works for up to 5 years. Skyla works for up to 3 years.

You dont have to keep your IUD for that many years though you can get your IUD taken out whenever you want. If your IUD is going to expire but you want to keep using an IUD, your nurse or doctor can replace it.

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What Are The Benefits Of The Mirena

With a 99.6% success rate, one of the primary benefits of the Mirena is its rate of efficacy. Once in place, you can rest well knowing that you are nearly 100% protected from an unexpected pregnancy.

Additionally, once inserted, the Mirena requires little to no maintenance. Medical professionals generally recommend a follow-up visit 4-6 weeks after the procedure to ensure the devices position is correct. After the follow-up appointment, the only maintenance required is a quick monthly check of the two thin strings attached to the end of the IUD.

After a few months of use, the Mirena can decrease and even completely stop menstruation. Since the use of the Mirena can cause a complete cessation of a menstrual period, this IUD is an excellent choice for those who have heavy periods and extreme cramping and pain with periods. Eliminating this extra blood loss can also be advantageous to those suffering from anemia.

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The long-term nature of the Mirena eliminates the need to prepare before intercourse. There is no need to worry about whether or not a condom is available, nor is there any need to worry about taking birth control pills regularly. When you are ready to conceive, removal of the IUD is a straight forward process.

Common Side Effects During The First Year

In the first three to six months of having Mirena, your period may be irregular. You might have heavier or longer periods, as well as spotting.

Your body will adjust to the IUD over the course of six months, with your period possibly becoming even lighter than before insertion.

However, your period may remain irregular. Some people even find that they have little to no bleeding after a few months.

If heavy bleeding continues, talk to your provider.

The Mirena website reports that about 1 in 5 Mirena users have no period at all by the 1-year mark. Questions and answers about Mirena. .

At this stage, your period is less likely to be heavy and uncomfortable. Side effects like breast tenderness and acne usually fade after the first year.

However, you might still experience other side effects, such as irregular periods or spotting.

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Prerequisites To Use Mirena

Your doctor might not recommend you to get the Mirena inserted , if you have any of the following conditions-

  • If you are currently a Breast cancer patient or had it in the past
  • If you have Uterine or cervical cancer
  • If you are experiencing any Liver related illness
  • If you have abnormalities in the uterus, such as fibroids that might interfere in the placement or the retention of IUD
  • If you are experiencing an infection in the pelvic region presently or a pelvic inflammatory disease
  • If you are experiencing unexplained vaginal bleeding

Can It Cause Acne

Side Effects Of Iud Birth Control

It probably can.

A 2008 review looked at the safety and side effects of the Mirena IUD. It found that you were more likely to have acne after getting an IUD containing Mirenas main ingredient levonorgestrel. Kailasam C. et al. . Review of the safety, efficacy and patient acceptability of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system.

Fortunately, there are many home remedies for hormonal acne that could help.

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Filing A Product Liability Lawsuit Over A Mirena Crash

Consumers of medical products like the Mirena IUD have rights when dangerous products such as these harm them. Companies that make and sell medical products have a duty to those who use their products. When they breach that duty, they are liable for the damage their products cause.

Defective medical devices like the Mirena IUD can cause severe damages that leave injured people with depleted finances and a greatly reduced quality of life. This is why product liability law existsâso that those harmed by defective and dangerous products can hold those responsible for their injuries accountable for negligent practices.

Filing a product liability lawsuit over injuries caused by a Mirena IUD can get you the compensation needed to get back on your feet after suffering damages like medical expenses, lost wages, and mental anguish. Filing a lawsuit over Mirena IUD injuries can be a complex undertaking. Do not try to handle it alone. Hiring an experienced product liability attorney can make all the difference when it comes to your cases success.

How Do I Get The Mirena

Like any other IUD, consultation, along with a prescription is required. On the day of your appointment, your medical professional will take you through the steps of the procedure. Use this opportunity to ask your medical professional any additional questions you may have.

Easiest way to fill your birth control prescription: Just a few clicks

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