Do Factors Like Smoking Bmi Weight Change Age Influence Breast Development
The short answer is: no.
In the study:
- Breast growth does not vary in different age groups.
- Breast growth does not vary based on weight change, weight gain or weight loss.
- Obese trans women showed faster growth in the first months of HRT, but total breast-chest difference after 12 months was the same in normal weight, overweight and obese trans women.
- Breast growth does not vary in smokers versus non-smokers.
- Breast growth had a faster increase in trans women treated with transdermal estradiol for the first six months, but total breast development after one year saw no difference between the intake of oral or transdermal estradiol.
So we can conclude that the current study shows a modest increase in breast-chest difference after 1 year of CHT, mainly resulting in less than an AAA bra cup size. Age, weight change, smoking, BMI, serum estradiol levels, and estrogen administration route did not predict total breast development after 1 year of CHT.
Because of the modest results of HRT on breast development, many trans women seek to get a breast augmentation. It is advised to wait with surgery until you have been on HRT for 18 months.
Another Trick Is To Correct Your Posture
Slumping forward or slouching can make your chest look smaller.
But dont bend your body too far back, as this will end up hurting you in the long term.
There are also certain exercises you can do to improve your posture.
There are no diets that are guaranteed to increase your breast size. However, some people attempt to gain weight to increase the size of their chests.
Others attempt to lose weight around their waists to give them an hourglass-like figure, as a smaller waist can emphasize the chest.
Some people use herbal supplements to increase their bust size.
Often, natural breast enhancement supplements include herbs that mimic estrogens effect on the body.
Many of these herbs are traditionally used for reproductive purposes, such as inducing a period or lactation, or treating the symptoms of PMS.
However, theres relatively little evidence on whether these supplements are effective and safe to use for breast growth.
Its also important to remember that supplements and herbs arent regulated by the Food and Drug Administration . Unfortunately, this means theres a risk that theyre unsafe.
Surgery To Remove Breast Tissue
You can have any excess breast tissue removed. The surgeon makes a cut around the nipple to leave it in place and minimise any scarring.
After surgery you might have:
- an inpointing nipple
- loss of feeling in the breast
Another way of removing breast tissue is to suck out the excess fatty tissue with liposuction. Liposuction works better if the swelling is made up of fatty tissue. Men having hormone treatment for prostate cancer tend to have glandular tissue, which is thicker. Glandular tissue is more difficult to suck out than fatty tissue.
There is some research that suggests combining surgery with sucking out the fat may work better.
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How Is Gynecomastia Diagnosed
Your healthcare provider will assess symptoms, perform a physical exam and review your medical and family history. A blood test may also be recommended to check hormone levels.
Because both gynecomastia and breast cancer cause breast lumps, your provider may order a:
- Breast ultrasound to view detailed images of breast growths.
- Mammogram to examine unusual growths or changes in breast tissue.
Estrogens And Breast Health
The hormone that is fundamental to the female of the species is actually a family of three: estradiol, the most active form of estrogen estrone, the inactive storage form of estrogen and estriol, the weaker of the estrogens.
Estrogen has been labeled the angel of life, because it makes cells grow, developing the uterus, breasts, periods, pregnancy and the egg within the ovaryand the angel of death, because in excess it becomes toxic to the body. As they say, too much of a good thing can be dangerous, and too much of an estrogen that causes cells to multiply out of control is a recipe for breast cancer. Determining symptoms of estrogen dominance is a smart move since an imbalance of high estrogen to low progesterone that goes undetected for too long is not a risk worth taking.
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How Much Breast Development Can I Expect On Hrt
After one year of HRT, the average increase in breast growth was 3.8 cm. When translating this to bra cup size, this meant around 50% of all participating women had less than an AAA cup after one year. Less than 5% of all women gained a cup size larger than an A cup.
More follow-up research is needed to be able to accurately predict breast growth in the following year of HRT.
Progesterone: The Estrogen Balancer
Progesterone is the sister hormone to estrogen, working in tandem with it to regulate and protect the health of the reproductive system throughout our fertile years. Among its many vital functions, progesterone governs the second half of the menstrual cycle and is essential to maintaining a pregnancy to term. It also plays a part in the regulation of blood sugar levels, has inherent calming properties, and protects breast, brain and bone health. When it comes to breast cancer prevention, progesterones most important role in the body is to balance estrogen.Like its teammate, estrogen, progesterone is primarily made in the ovaries but unlike estrogen it can only be produced at ovulation. The ruptured follicle that releases an egg upon ovulation then pumps out progesterone for the rest of the cycle. So if and when we dont ovulate, our bodies do not produce enough progesterone to keep estrogen levels in checkand that sets us up for estrogen dominance. In a nutshell: progesterone deficiency = estrogen dominance = heightened risk for breast cancer.
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A Quick Guide To Hormones For Breast Growth
Hormones are known as the particular chemical couriers in the human body that are produced by the endocrine glands. This courier chemical controls every body function like from the complexities of reproduction to hunger to even the emotions of humans. Hormones are mainly responsible for the growth and development of human body parts and for regulating the functions of the human body in an organized and subtle way.
Similarly, hormones for breast growth are composed of certain chemical combinations that interact with the human body and promote breast growth naturally. This quick guide will help you to understand how these hormones work if you are aiming to grow your bust naturally.
How Does Hormone Therapy For Breast Cancer Work
Hormones control nearly all of our bodily functions, from growth and development to emotions, sexual function and even sleep. But hormones, which occur naturally in our bodies, can also fuel the growth of certain breast cancers. We talked with breast medical oncologist Rachel Layman, M.D., to learn about hormone therapy for breast cancer, which can stop or slow the cancer-fueling action of hormones.
What is hormone therapy for breast cancer?
Hormone therapy is a form of treatment that deprives breast cancer of estrogen and progesterone, the two main female hormones that it needs to survive and grow.
Estrogen and progesterone are carried along in the bloodstream. When they encounter a breast cancer cell, they stick to proteins called hormone receptors on the cells surface. This connection acts as an on switch and triggers the cancer cell to grow. The goal of hormone therapy is to prevent hormones from attaching to cancer cells, which deprives the cancer cells of the fuel they need to grow.
Are all breast cancers fueled by hormones?
No, but most are. About 70% of all breast cancers depend on estrogen or progesterone for growth.
How do hormone therapies for breast cancer work?
Hormone therapies reduce or eliminate contact between hormones and breast cancer cells in several different ways:
How and when are hormone therapy medications delivered?
Most hormone therapy drugs are taken as a daily oral pill, though a few are given as injections in the clinic.
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How Is Hormone Therapy Used To Treat Breast Cancer
There are three main ways that hormone therapy is used to treat hormone-sensitive breast cancer:
Adjuvant therapy for early-stage breast cancer:Tamoxifen is FDA approved for adjuvant hormone treatment of premenopausal and postmenopausal women with ER-positive early-stage breast cancer, and the aromatase inhibitorsanastrozole, letrozole, and exemestane are approved for this use in postmenopausal women.
Research has shown that women who receive at least 5 years of adjuvant therapy with tamoxifen after having surgery for early-stage ER-positive breast cancer have reduced risks of breast cancer recurrence, including a new breast cancer in the other breast, and reduced risk of death at 15 years .
Until recently, most women who received adjuvant hormone therapy to reduce the chance of a breast cancer recurrence took tamoxifen every day for 5 years. However, with the introduction of newer hormone therapies , some of which have been compared with tamoxifen in clinical trials, additional approaches to hormone therapy have become common .
Some premenopausal women with early-stage ER-positive breast cancer may have ovarian suppression plus an aromatase inhibitor, which was found to have higher rates of freedom from recurrence than ovarian suppression plus tamoxifen or tamoxifen alone .
Men with early-stage ER-positive breast cancer who receive adjuvant therapy are usually treated first with tamoxifen. Those treated with an aromatase inhibitor usually also take a GnRH agonist.
Is There A Way To Gauge How Big My Breasts Are Going To Get While Taking Estrogen
Its hard to predict how much your breasts will develop while taking estrogen because there are multiple factors at play. The dosage of hormones youre on, if youre also taking an anti-androgen like spironolactone, race, and genetics all play a role in the process of breast growth. How much fatty tissue someone has on their body and where they carry it is also a factor to consider since fat is a major component of breast biology.
The best way to predict your breast size is to look at people in your family who were assigned female at birth, Samantha recommends.
Clinical research on this topiclike most other areas of transgender healthis minimal. Most recently, a European team of researchers followed 229 transgender woman on HRT for a year and observed their breast growth, making this one of the more extensive studies on estrogen HRT and physical changes. They found that over 90% of participants developed breasts in the A-cup range regardless of oral or transdermal estrogen route.
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Which Breast Hormones Have The Greatest Effect On Breast Growth
There are several factors that influence how large a womans breasts will grow there are also certain life events which will influence this growth even further. A womans bust does not stay the exact same size throughout the course of her life, and hormones play a major part in this. While genetics play an important part in determining what a womans natural cup size should be, her hormones have an even more powerful effect. These hormones include:
Breast Enlargement Treatment In Men
In breast enlargement in men, treatment is applied by taking into account the cause of the growth in the breast and the period in which the breast enlargement occurs. 95% of unexplained breast enlargements that occur with adolescence resolve within a few years without treatment. Surgical treatment is applied in breast enlargement more than four years from its onset. Any treatment performed with medication or exercises will not produce the expected effect from this stage onwards. Surgical treatment is possible. In cases of breast enlargement in men, treatment in adulthood is only possible through surgical intervention. These surgical methods are:
If you are also experiencing gynecomastia problems, you can contact us immediately and talk to our experienced surgeons. Click for details:
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When Will My Breasts Start Growing After Starting On Hrt
Breast development mostly occurred during the first 6 months on Hormone Replacement Therapy. The average increase over the first 3 months being 1.8 cm, and another 1.3 cm over the following 3 months. During the last 6 months, the average total growth was only 0.5 cm. It can hereby be concluded that main breast growth takes place in the first six months of HRT.
For most trans women, the size of the breast, nipple and areola will increase somewhat.
How Can Hormones Affect The Growth Of Breast Cancer
Hormones like estrogen and progesterone are chemicals produced by glands in the body. Normally, these hormones help regulate body cycles, like menstruation. However, sometimes these same hormones can cause cancer to grow.
The pathologist will perform tests on the breast cancer cells to determine if they have receptors that feed on estrogen or progesterone, stimulating their growth. If the cancer cells have these receptors, your doctor may recommend hormone therapy drugs, such as blockers or inhibitors. Both types of drugs help to destroy cancer cells by cutting off their supply of hormones.
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How To Balance It
Balancing of progesterone for breast growth is really important.
What to Take
- It can be balanced by taking certain foods like lentils, chickpeas, salmon, red meat, cashew, avocado and broccoli.
- B6 vitamin capsules also help in balancing the progesterone hormone for breast growth.
What to Avoid
- An excessive amount of fatty foods could cause an imbalance in this hormone.
A moderate amount of exercise regulates progesterone positively for breast growth.
What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor
You may want to ask your healthcare provider:
- Why did I get gynecomastia?
- Should I switch medications to stop breast enlargement?
- What is the best treatment for gynecomastia?
- How long will my breasts be enlarged?
- How can I prevent getting enlarged breasts again?
- Should I get screened for breast cancer?
- Should I watch for signs of complications?
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Can Hormone Therapy Be Used To Prevent Breast Cancer
Yes. Most breast cancers are ER positive, and clinical trials have tested whether hormone therapy can be used to prevent breast cancer in women who are at increased risk of developing the disease.
A large NCI-sponsored randomized clinical trial called the Breast Cancer Prevention Trial found that tamoxifen, taken for 5 years, reduces the risk of developing invasive breast cancer by about 50% in postmenopausal women who were at increased risk . Long-term follow-up of another randomized trial, the International Breast Cancer Intervention Study I, found that 5 years of tamoxifen treatment reduces the incidence of breast cancer for at least 20 years . A subsequent large randomized trial, the Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene, which was also sponsored by NCI, found that 5 years of raloxifene reduces breast cancer risk in such women by about 38% .
As a result of these trials, both tamoxifen and raloxifene have been approved by the FDA to reduce the risk of developing breast cancer in women at high risk of the disease. Tamoxifen is approved for this use regardless of menopausal status. Raloxifene is approved for use only in postmenopausal women.
What Breast Changes Happen At Puberty
As a girl approaches her teen years, the first visible signs of breast development begin. When the ovaries start to produce and release estrogen, fat in the connective tissue starts to collect. This causes the breasts to enlarge. The duct system also starts to grow. Often these breast changes happen at the same that pubic hair and armpit hair appear.
Once ovulation and menstruation begin, the maturing of the breasts begins with the formation of secretory glands at the end of the milk ducts. The breasts and duct system continue to grow and mature, with the development of many glands and lobules. The rate at which breasts grow is different for each young woman.
|Female breast developmental stages|
|Mature adult breast. The breast becomes rounded and only the nipple is raised.|
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Cortisol Stress And Breast Cancer Risk
In healthy individuals, normal levels of cortisolthe adrenal hormone that maintains the immune system and manages our stress-coping response 24 hours a dayshould be highest in the morning when we need to get up and get going, and decrease steadily to its lowest point at night, when we need to sleep. But the stress-coping demands of 21st century living can wreak havoc on this normal circadian rhythm, disrupting our ability to sleep through the night, focus on our work, and take lifes daily challenges in stride. When cortisol levels are out of balance, we tend to feel tired and wired all the time and/or may suffer from asthma and allergies, chemical and noise sensitivities, anxiety, and eating disorders. We may find ourselves crashing in the afternoon, craving sugar and caffeine to cope, and catching every cold and flu bug that comes along. The bottom line is adrenal exhaustion: when the body can no longer keep up with the demand for constant cortisol we hit bottom and may find ourselves at serious risk for chronic illness and autoimmune disease, premature aging, and a breast cancer just waiting to happen.
Testosterone Dhea And Hormone Balance
Testosterone is an androgenic hormone, or androgen , so named because it is most commonly associated with the development of male characteristics. Although testosterone is present in much smaller amounts in women than in men, it has a wide range of essential functions for a womans health. These include maintaining libido and sexual function, as well as the normal growth and renewal of muscles, bone and other tissues. It may also have a role to play in protecting breast health at a cellular level.
Levels of testosterone and its precursor, DHEA, decrease in women at menopause, and are often particularly low in women who have a surgical menopause . This is when symptoms of androgen deficiency can start to become apparent. Along with the most noticeable effect of lowering libido, low testosterone and DHEA can also result in decreased bone and muscle mass, depression, and vaginal dryness.
Sometimes, however, mid-life women can develop androgen dominance as testosterone levels can become relatively high while ovarian estrogen and progesterone production declines. Drs. John Lee and David Zava, in their book What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About Breast Cancer speculate that elevated levels of testosterone in women may be the result of the hormonal imbalance caused by menopausal estrogen dominance and the lack of progesterone.
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